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Support agriculture, develop rural rich farmers

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General Secretary Xi Jinping recently hosted a rural reform symposium in Xiaogang Village, Fengyang County, Anhui Province, and delivered an important speech, fully demonstrating the will and determination of the Party Central Committee to further promote rural reform and development, and unleash the policy signal of continuously strengthening agriculture, benefiting farmers and farmers. It has important guiding significance for stimulating rural vitality, accelerating the short-board of rural areas, and struggling to open up a new situation in the work of agriculture, rural areas and farmers.
 
How to promote rural reform and development under the new situation? The reporter interviewed Chen Xiwen, director of the Central Rural Work Leading Group Office. Chen Xiwen said that in the small village of Xiaogang, the main source of rural reform, General Secretary Xi Jinping started from the overall development of the party and the state, and once again stressed that China must be strong in agriculture, China must be beautiful in the countryside, and China must be rich in peasants. We must persist in resolving the issue of "agriculture, rural areas and farmers" as the top priority of the party's work, step up efforts to promote rural reform under the new situation, strengthen urban and rural planning, comprehensively implement the policy of strengthening agriculture, benefiting farmers and enriching agriculture, and promoting stable agricultural foundation and rural harmony and stability. The peasants live and work in peace. Studying and implementing the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping's important speech, we must profoundly understand the spirit of the speech, use the spirit of speech to guide practice and promote work, ensure that the "three rural" principles and policies formulated by the Party Central Committee are fully implemented in an effort to create agricultural and rural development. New situation.
 
Adhere to and improve the successful practical experience of rural reform
 
Q: The rural reform symposium was held in Xiaogang Village, Anhui Province, what signal was revealed?
 
Chen Xiwen: Under the new situation, we will promote the reform and development of rural areas and create a new situation in the work of “agriculture, rural areas and farmers”. It is very important to uphold and improve the successful practices and experiences of rural reform. This is also the profound meaning of why this symposium was held in Xiaogang Village. . Reform must let go of the masses and let the masses practice and create at the grassroots level. The Party and the government summarize, enhance and promote successful experiences on the basis of grassroots practice.
 
The success of rural reform is standard. First, it is in line with the characteristics of agriculture and rural areas. Second, it takes into account the interests of the state, the collective, and the peasants. The third is to mobilize the enthusiasm of the peasants. The fourth is to liberate the social productive forces in the countryside. On the basis of summing up the reform experience of Xiaogang Village, the basic agricultural management system of China was gradually formed, which is a two-tier management system based on household contract management and unified integration. This basic operating system is a major institutional achievement in the entire rural reform and an important cornerstone of our party's rural policy.
 
Choosing this node to hold a rural reform symposium is closely related to the current background and situation. The "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" is the decisive stage of building a well-off society in an all-round way. This year is the first year of the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan". There are many new situations and new problems in the agricultural and rural areas. Especially after the harvest for 12 consecutive years, the grain has also accumulated. Some contradictions and problems have changed from a lack of total production in the past to a structural contradiction. Under such background and overall work requirements, the work of “agriculture, rural areas and farmers” cannot be relaxed, and we must firmly grasp, closely grasp and constantly grasp new achievements.
 
Deepening the main line of rural reform is to deal with the relationship between farmers and land
 
Question: Why is it that the main line is still to deal with the relationship between farmers and land under the new situation?
 
Chen Xiwen: China's rural reforms have been opened up from the relationship between farmers and land. Under the new situation, it is also necessary to deal with the relationship between farmers and land as the main line. At present, especially since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, a major innovation in our handling of land issues is to divide farmers’ land contractual management rights into contracting rights and management rights, and to realize collective ownership, farmer household contracting rights, and land management rights. The willingness of farmers to implement ownership, stabilize contracting rights, and release operating rights.
 
From what we know, one third of the country’s land has already flown. Among the 230 million farmers in the country who contracted land, 66 million households have transferred land more or less, which provides favorable conditions for the scale of agricultural development and the acceleration of agricultural modernization.
 
The reform of the rural land system involves comprehensive reforms and should be prudent and secure. It is impossible to develop agricultural modernization without a certain scale, but this is a gradual process and cannot be completed soon. To give the choice to the peasants, it is not a substitute for the peasants to choose. Whether it is the transfer of land contractual management rights or the peasants entering the city, the party and the government can guide the demonstration, but they cannot engage in forced orders, and they cannot be arrogant and one-size-fits-all.
 
No matter how to change the rural land system reform, there is still a bottom line. It is impossible to change the collective ownership of rural land, reduce the cultivated land, weaken the grain production capacity, and damage the interests of farmers.
 
Multi-factor linkage to deepen rural reform
 
Q: What other areas need to be promoted in the current deepening of rural reform?
 
Chen Xiwen: First, promote the reform of rural collective assets and the reform of the shareholding cooperative system. It is necessary to clear the capital and find out how many households there are. Establish a strict regulatory system to enable farmers to participate democratically. More importantly, the collective property rights are reduced to the members of each collective economic organization, so that they have more sense of acquisition.
 
The second is to speed up the innovation of agricultural management system and accelerate the cultivation of new business entities. Nowadays, after the land is transferred, there are various forms of business. As long as it is conducive to rural reform, it should be supported.
 
The third is to accelerate the reform of supply and marketing cooperatives. Clarify the positioning of the supply and marketing cooperatives, not only to solve the problem of serving the farmers, but also to resolve the contradictions between the government and enterprises, the social enterprise and the enterprise, and to become a more dynamic agricultural service system.
 
The fourth is to improve the agricultural support and protection system. China's support and protection of agriculture is constantly strengthening, but the situation is constantly changing. It requires both increasing support and innovations in ways and forms of support that can adapt to new requirements.
 
The fifth is to speed up the reform of the household registration system. Although the urbanization rate in China has improved rapidly, the migrant workers in the city have not been able to truly integrate into the towns. The willing and qualified farmers in the cities can settle down and enjoy the same treatment as the local urban residents.
 
The sixth is to promote the institutional mechanism of urban-rural integration. Promote the extension of infrastructure to rural areas, cover basic rural services to rural areas, improve the social security system, and gradually equalize urban and rural areas.
 
Tightly twisting the three major tasks of rural development
 
Q: How can we further accelerate rural development?
 
Chen Xiwen: The general secretary clearly pointed out that to speed up rural development, we must tightly lock the three major tasks of developing modern agriculture, increasing farmers' income, and building a new socialist countryside.
 
To develop modern agriculture, we must improve the agricultural management system, apply more science and technology, improve infrastructure, and improve the quality and efficiency of agricultural products. Take measures to make the younger generation willing to engage in agriculture and accelerate the cultivation of new professional farmers.
 
Increasing farmers' income is the central task of the "three rural" work. The measure of doing a good job in the "three rural" work is that the farmers' wallets are not drums. Since 2010, the income gap between urban and rural areas in China has gradually narrowed, and this trend cannot be reversed. It is necessary to improve the quality and efficiency of agriculture, promote the integration of the first, second and third industries, extend the industrial chain, and provide more employment opportunities for farmers. We must promote rural reforms and let farmers get more benefits from their property.
 
From a historical perspective, even if China's urbanization rate reaches 70% in the future, 30% of the population, that is, 400 million people live in rural areas. Therefore, it is not enough to pay attention to urbanization, and we must accelerate the construction of new countryside. New rural construction should be planned first, and the model of urban construction should not be moved to the countryside. To reflect the characteristics of the countryside, to retain the homesickness, to see the green mountains and green waters, to retain the foundation of Chinese culture, the essence of farming culture.